Muslim Orthodoxy and the Return of Jesus (Issa)

The Hadiths on Jesus Are "Tawatur"

The hadiths relating Jesus' second coming are reliable [tawatur]. Research shows that scholars share this view. Tawatur is defined as "a tradition which has been handed down by a number of different channels of transmitters or authorities, hence supposedly ruling out the possibility of its having been forged."


In his Al-Tasrih fi ma Tawatara fi Nuzul al-Masih, the great hadith scholar Muhammad Anwar Shah Kashmiri writes that the hadiths about Jesus' second coming are all reliable, and quotes 75 hadiths and 25 works by companions of the Prophet and their disciples (tabi'un).

In the Sunni school of Islam, Imam Abu Hanifa is the greatest collector of hadiths on Jesus' second coming. In the final part of his Al-Fiqh al-Akbar, he states that:

The emergence of the Dajjal [Antichrist] and of Gog and Magog is a reality; the rising of the sun in the West is a reality; the descent of Jesus, upon whom be peace, from the heavens is a reality; and all the other signs of the Day of Resurrection, as contained in authentic traditions, are also established realities.

Jesus' second coming is one of the ten great signs of the Last Day, and many Islamic scholars have dealt with the subject in great detail. When all of these views are considered together, it becomes apparent that there is a consensus on this event.

For instance, in his work Lawaqi Al-Anwar Al-Bahiyah, Imam al-Safarini expresses that Islamic scholars agree upon this issue:

The entire ummah (Muslim community) has agreed on the issue that Prophet Jesus (pbuh), the son of Maryam, will return. There is no one from the people who follow Muslim laws who oppose this issue.


JohnG. said…
This is consistent with one of the rare non muslim documents still existing about earlier islam : the doctrina jacobi.

In this document is written that a prophet appeared within saracen's people, proclaiming the coming of the Messiah !

That text among many other elements explains why some scholars think that Muhammad wasn't trying to create a new religion (islam) but was just claiming to be one judeo-nazarenian prophet who proclaimed the coming of the Christ.

But the Christ didn't come... and we now know how things went on.
Abu Daoud said…
Interesting, have never heard of this document, more info please?
JohnG. said…
The didascalie of jacob, or doctrina jacobi, is a christian book adressed to rabbanite jews. It has been written in greek at Carthage, before 640.

In the short exerpt dealing with Muhammad, a jew -Abraames- asks another jew about a new prophet that many said to have appeared among the saracens, claiming that the Messiah was coming soon. He asks : "What do you say to me about this prophet?". The other jew answering : "He is a false one : prophet do not come armed with swords....".
Then Abraames says that he had searched about this saracen too and that those who saw him told that he was a false one. That it's just blood and blood with him.
From : Doctrina Jacobi, in Patrologia orientalis, 1903., vol. VIII, p 715(Sorry poor summary : i'm not english speaking man).

Another texte confirms that some jews took Muhammad for a prophet : "Some jews were linked to Muhammad, because they though he was one of their prophet" (Chronique of Théophane, anno 622).

It's taken from a very ggod book, in french. You have a very short summary here :

If you read french go there :
Abu Daoud said…
Wow, that's great stuff!
zaki_77 said…
Complete whitewash of Christian theology:
JohnG. said…
From Wikipedia about the doctrina jacobi :
"The Doctrina Iacobi nuper baptizati[1] (Latin "The teaching of the recently-baptized Jacob") or Doctrina Jacobi[2] is a 7th century Greek Christian anti-Jewish polemical tract set in Carthage in 634 but written in Palestine sometime between 634 and 640 A.D.[3][4] It supposedly records a July 13, 634 discussion between a Jewish forced convert to Christianity, Jacob, and some Jews about the condition of the Byzantine Empire in light of the recent Arab conquests, and how they should proceed as he had done, and convert to Christianity.[5] The manuscript provides one of the earliest external accounts of Islam, presenting a significantly different Islamic historiography than found in traditional Islamic texts.[6] It also shows Jacob comparing the Byzantine Empire to the fourth beast of the prophecy of Daniel from Christian eschatology. Although not unfamiliar imagery, it is part of a series of Byzantine literature, from the early stages of the Islamic religion, of trying to reconcile Islam with the apocalyptic vision.[7] Further examples of this are contained in the pseudo-Athanasian's Quaestiones ad Antiochum ducem, and the Quaestiones et responsiones attributed to Anastasius of Sinai.

It records a prophet in Arabia during the birth time of Islamic tradition proclaiming the advent of a Jewish Messiah. The document contradicts the notion in Islamic tradition that the prophet was dead at the time of the conquest of Palestine but agrees with some traditions of other peoples of the time.[8]

When the candidatus was killed by the Saracens, I was at Caesarea and I set off by boat to Sykamina. People were saying "the candidatus has been killed," and we Jews were overjoyed. And they were saying that the prophet had appeared, coming with the Saracens, and that he was proclaiming the advent of the anointed one, the Christ who was to come. I, having arrived at Sykamina, stopped by a certain old man well-versed in scriptures, and I said to him: "What can you tell me about the prophet who has appeared with the Saracens?" He replied, groaning deeply: "He is false, for the prophets do not come armed with a sword. Truly they are works of anarchy being committed today and I fear that the first Christ to come, whom the Christians worship, was the one sent by God and we instead are preparing to receive the Antichrist. Indeed, Isaiah said that the Jews would retain a perverted and hardened heart until all the earth should be devastated. But you go, master Abraham, and find out about the prophet who has appeared." So I, Abraham, inquired and heard from those who had met him that there was no truth to be found in the so-called prophet, only the shedding of men's blood. He says also that he has the keys of paradise, which is incredible.[9]"

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